According to the Constitution of Pakistan, education for children aged 5-16 is free. With government schools offering free education to K-12 students, onlookers can’t help but wonder why the adult literacy rate and the overall rate of enrollment in institutes is so low in Pakistan.

A research study in 2015 launched by the Centre for Peace and Development Initiatives shows that around 97% of students have to pay for primary education in public schools in Punjab.

What does this mean for the education system of Pakistan?

Due to the administrative neglection of the government, especially in rural and underdeveloped areas, many schools have to arrange resources essentially on their own.

Another glaring issue is the standard of education in government schools all over the country. Because of the low standards, most families prefer to enroll their children in private schools, which are significantly more expensive than government schools.

Literacy in Pakistan

The government itself does not allocate sufficient funds for the educational development of the country. Despite the efforts that have been made to increase literacy rates, the literacy rate of Pakistan has declined from 60 percent to 58 percent. And the disparity between male and female education only brings more attention to the issue with the neglection of rural education and government schools.

Problems with the Government Schools

Budget leakage is a problem that has been plaguing the country, and the facilities available in government institutes suffers for this reason. The lacking of clean drinking water, basic school facilities, learning material, and even furniture is a problem every person aware of the education system of Pakistan is familiar with.

Despite the claim of free education for all in the country, people have to pay for primary education even in government institutes. And in order to pursue an education that meets international standards, students have no choice but to pick expensive private schools.