Pakistan’s Education System: Divided Among Private and Government Institutes

According to the Constitution of Pakistan, it is mandated that children aged 5 – 16 are offered free and compulsory education to enhance adult literacy rates.

As a developing state, many of Pakistan’s sectors have much room for improvement. Some more than others. The education sector of Pakistan is very lacking, with a wide gap between the levels of education in the private and government sectors.

The Education System

The system of education involves all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, onsite or virtual instruction) and their faculties, students, physical infrastructure, resources, and rules.

  • The education system in Pakistan is divided into six levels:
  • Preschool – for the age from 3 to 5 years
  • Primary – grades one through five
  • Middle – grades six through eight
  • Secondary (Matriculation) – grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC
  • Higher Secondary (Intermediate) – grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary School Certificate or HSSC
  • University programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees

Female Education in Pakistan

Declining from 60 percent, the current overall literacy rate in Pakistan is 58 percent with 70 percent males and only 48 percent of females. That’s extremely low for a population of 101,314,780 women (48.76%).

The general stance of the Pakistani population on female education is rather primitive. People in the Urban parts of the country are profoundly more supportive of women’s education and differ completely from their rural counterparts. That, along with the lack of opportunities for girls to get a formal education due to commute, accommodation and safety issues, stands as an obstacle.

The Dilemma – Private versus Government Institutes

The difference between government and private institutes is stark.

Government institutes, while significantly more affordable than private institutes, lacks many basic resources. The level of education, the concept of ghost schools, ghost employees and the overall environment – these facts greatly discourage people from enrolling their children in government institutes up till secondary levels of education.

In higher secondary academies (colleges) the standard is considerably better and many students graduate SSC from private schools and continue their education in government colleges.

The income of the parents, class differences, quality of education, the qualifications of the teachers, among many other factors, encourage parents to opt for private institutes instead of government institutes.