There is a huge difference in the living standards of those living in the rural areas of Pakistan as compared to those living in urban areas. According to a survey conducted in 2016, the total rural population of the country was almost 62%, and over half of these people were living in extreme poverty. As a result of these rural-urban disparities, there is also a large difference in education, both for primary and higher education.

Pakistan’s urban areas consist of both public and private schooling. While the overall monitoring and regulation of education in the whole country is desperately lacking, it still does not compare to the extent of the dire educational state in its rural areas. In rural areas, due to severely lacking resources and unqualified instructors, the provision of primary education is limited, and there is a huge problem of ghost schools and ghost teachers (teachers who are technically employed but who do not come to take classes).

Another problem preventing the progress of primary education in rural areas of Pakistan is the societal beliefs which are against female education. As a result, there are hardly any schools that cater to female students, and young girls are made to stay home and work rather than obtain an education.

As for higher education, there are so few in Pakistan’s rural areas that those who wish to attend a university tend to move to the urban cities in order to study. This is not an easy decision to make for those students as they generally must live away from their families in the city and experience financial hardships as well.

In urban Pakistan, there is a greater provision for private and public primary and higher education, but there are still problems which affect its accessibility, affordability and regulation of these institutions. Furthermore, there is no monitoring to ensure that all children receive at least primary education. Thus, in order to the youth of Pakistan to be fully equipped to ensure a brighter future for the country, there is a great need to improve the educational sector, especially in rural areas.